: Stephen William Hawking, CH, CBE, FRS, FRSA, born in January, is a British theoretical physicist, Professor of Lucas mathematics at Cambridge University, and an academician of gangville and kaius college, Cambridge University. He is famous for his contributions to the field of cosmology and quantum gravity, especially in the context of black holes, as well as his popular works on his theory and cosmology, including the runaway popularity The science bestseller, a brief history of time, topped the Sunday Times bestseller list for several weeks in a row: Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January April, often referred to by his initials FDR) is the 32nd president of the United States. He was elected for four consecutive terms.
He served from to, and was the only president of the United States who was re elected for more than two terms. During the world economic crisis and World War, he was the central figure of the century.
：斯蒂芬·威廉·霍金（Stephen William Hawking，CH，CBE，FRS，FRSA，一月出生，英国理论物理学家，剑桥大学卢卡斯数学教授，剑桥大学冈维尔与凯乌斯学院院士，以其在宇宙学和量子引力领域的贡献而闻名，尤其是在黑洞的背景下，以及他在其中讨论自己的理论和宇宙学的通俗著作，其中包括失控的流行科学畅销书《时间简史》，在英国《星期日泰晤士报》（Sunday Times）畅销书排行榜上，这本书连续几周位居榜首：富兰克林·德拉诺·罗斯福（Franklin Delano Roosevelt，1月至4月，经常以他的首字母FDR来指代）是美国第32任总统，当选连任四届，他从年到年任职，是唯一一位连任两届以上的美国总统。在世界经济危机和世界大战期间，他是世纪的中心人物。
Stephen William Hawking ch CBE FRS FRSA January March is a British theoretical physicist, cosmologist and writer. At the time of his death, he was the research director of the center for theoretical cosmology at Cambridge University. He was Lucas professor of mathematics at Cambridge University.
From then on, he discussed his theory and cosmology in several popular science works. His book, a brief history of time, has been on the Sunday Times bestseller list, hitting an all-time high for several weeks in a row. Hawking is a member of the Royal Society of England (he is a lifelong member of the papal Academy of Sciences.
In the BBC poll of the greatest Britons, Hawking won the Presidential Medal of freedom and the highest civilian award in the United States. His scientific works include cooperation with Roger Penrose on the gravitational singularity theorem in the framework of general relativity, and theoretical prediction black Holes emit radiation, which is often called Hawking radiation. Hawking was the first person to put forward the cosmological theory which was explained by the combination of general relativity and quantum mechanics.
He is a strong supporter of quantum mechanics interpretation in many countries. Hawking has a rare early slow developing motor neuron disease (also known as amyotrophic) lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's) Disease (ALS) gradually paralyzed him ten years later. Even after losing his language ability, he was able to communicate through a voice equipment, initially through a hand-held switch, and finally, using a cheek muscle, he died in March at the age of Stephen William Hawking.
斯蒂芬·威廉·霍金（Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA January-March）是英国理论物理学家、宇宙学家和作家，他去世时是剑桥大学理论宇宙学中心的研究主任，他是剑桥大学卢卡斯数学教授，年至他在几部通俗科学著作中讨论了自己的理论和宇宙学。他的书《时间简史》登上了英国《星期日泰晤士报》畅销书排行榜，连续几周创下历史新高。霍金是英国皇家学会的一名院士（他是教皇科学院的终身成员，在英国广播公司（BBC）对最伟大的英国人进行的民意调查中，霍金获得了总统自由勋章，美国最高平民奖，他的科学著作包括与罗杰·彭罗斯在广义相对论框架下的引力奇点定理合作，以及理论预测黑洞发出辐射，通常被称为霍金辐射霍金是第一个提出由广义相对论和量子力学结合解释的宇宙学理论的人他是许多世界对量子力学解释的有力支持者霍金有一种罕见的早期缓慢发展的运动神经元疾病（也被称为肌萎缩）侧索硬化症（ALS或Lou Gehrig's disease，简称ALS）在十年后逐渐使他瘫痪，即使在失去语言能力后，他仍然能够通过一个发声设备进行交流，最初是通过手持开关，最终，他用了一块脸颊肌肉于三月去世，享年斯蒂芬·威廉·霍金。
Hawking graduated from Oxford and Cambridge, where he has a doctorate. At Hawking's age, he entered Oxford University College to study natural science, spent little time getting a first class honorary degree, and then transferred to Cambridge University to study cosmology. At that time, he was diagnosed with terminal disease and lived only two years, but he survived.